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Anzeige der Artikel nach Schlagwörtern: Zwangsarbeit

Herausgeber*in: Deutsches Institut für Menschenrechte

Autor*in: Jan-Christian Niebank

Schlagwörter: Arbeitsbedingungen, Bekleidungsindustrie, Due Diligence, Gesundheit, Gewerkschaften, Lieferkette, Löhne, Menschenrechte, Textilindustrie, Verbesserungsvorschläge, Zwangsarbeit


The garment industry is an important economic growth engine for the Asia-Pacific region. It is also an industry with a rather poor human rights track record. This study seeks to take stock of developments in the global garment industry. It does so by analysing structural market characteristics and pressing human rights issues as well as existing instruments and initiatives. Specific attention is paid to the role of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRI) and to development policies in the global North. Analytically, the investigation is guided by the framework of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGP). Important input for the study was obtained at a joint workshop held by the German Institute for Human Rights and the Asia Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions (APF) in Bangkok in January 2017 at which NHRI representatives from Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, and Thailand shared their expertise on human rights issues in the garment industry and discussed the challenges their NHRIs are facing.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2018

Sprache: Englisch

Umfang: 78 Seiten

Zielgruppe: Studierende, Dozierende

Bezug: kostenfrei zum Download

Autor_in: Gershon Nimbalker, Jasmin Mawson, Claire Harris, Meredith Rynan, Libby Sanders, Claire Hart, Megan Shove

Herausgeber_in: Baptist World Aid Australia, Trustfund


Tearfund and Baptist World Aid’s Ethical Fashion Report has returned for 2018, allowing consumers to assess information on 407 different international and local fashion brands.

This is the fifth report produced by Baptist World Aid Australia examining labour rights management systems in the fashion industry. It grades 114 companies (covering these 407 brands), from A to F, on the strength of their policies, traceability and transparency and systems to mitigate against the risks of forced labour, child labour and exploitation in their supply chains.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2018

Umfang: 99

Sprache: Englisch

Bezug:  kostenfrei zum Download

Autor_in: Dr Geert De Neve, Dr Grace Carswell,

Herausgeber_in: University of Sussex Global Insights


In the aftermath of the recent collapse of the Rana Plaza building in Bangladesh, a series of factory fires in Asia and a major garment workers’ strike in Cambodia, serious concerns have once again been raised about the conditions of labour in global supply chains. Not only are textile workers across South Asia being poorly paid and employed in unsafe working conditions, they continue to be subjected to forms of bonded or un-free labour that tie them to employers and work environments that they struggle to escape from. Given that little is known about where in the supply chain

bonded labour occurs or how it operates, this briefing explores the persistence of such labour in global garment supply chains by focusing on the Tamil Nadu power loom industry, integrated in India’s wider networks of garment exports. It describes the main characteristics of bonded labour

in this industry, identifies some of the consequences for the workers involved, and makes a number of recommendations for intervention and policy making. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) interventions in particular continue to lack information on where bonded labour occurs in their supply chains, what forms it takes and how it affects the workers involved.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2013

Umfang: 4 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Bezug:  kostenfrei zum Download

Autor_in: Chloé Bailey

Herausgeber_in: The Freedom Fund


Of the 40 million people trapped in modern slavery today, 70 percent of them are women and girls. Every day across the globe, millions of women and girls are used, controlled and exploited for commercial or personal gain. They are trafficked into the sex industry, kept in servitude as domestic workers in private homes, forced to work in exploitative conditions in factories and bonded into agricultural labour. They suffer terrible violence and are denied their basic rights and freedoms.

Our report, “Her freedom, her voice: Insights from the Freedom Fund’s work with women and girls “, draws on insights from our last four years working in countries with a high burden of slavery. The report identifies promising approaches to tackle this scourge, and highlights priorities for further research and investment.

The Freedom Fund has sought to identify and invest in the most effective frontline efforts to eradicate slavery. Across ‘hotspots’ in Ethiopia, India and Nepal we are supporting frontline NGOs to tackle the risks and vulnerabilities that communities face, including the specific vulnerabilities faced by women and girls. From building rights awareness and keeping girls in school, to opening up new economic opportunities and improving conditions in the workplace, our local partners are working to help women and girls protect themselves from slavery, address the root causes of their exploitation, recover from trauma, prosecute those who abuse them and activate government to take responsibility. 

Globally, more research and sharing of knowledge is needed on the most effective frontline strategies to address the gender dimensions of slavery. In an effort to contribute to this knowledge, this report draws together lessons from Freedom Fund-supported interventions to date.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2018

Umfang: 36 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Bezug:  kostenfrei zum Download

Herausgeber_in: Clean Clothes Campaign

Schlagwörter: Bangalore, Frauenrechte, Frauen in der Bekleidungsindustrie, Frauen/ Mädchen vom Land in die Stadt, Migranten/innen, Indien, Zwangsarbeit


Female migrants employed in India’s garment factories supplying to big international brands like Benetton, C&A, GAP, H&M, Levi’s, M&S and PVH, are subject to conditions of modern slavery. In Bangalore, India’s biggest garment producing hub, young women are recruited with false promises about wages and benefits, they work in garment factories under high-pressure for low wages. These are some conclusions from the report ‘Labour Without Liberty – Female Migrant Workers in Bangalore's Garment Industry’ - published by the Indian Garment Labour Union, the India Committee of the Netherlands and Clean Clothes Campaign.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2018

Umfang: 12 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Bezug:  kostenfrei zum Download (PDF-Datei)

Autor_in: Stefan Winter, Rainer Lasch

Nachhaltigkeit, Lieferkette, Standards, Ökostandards, Sozialstandards, Unternehmensverantwortung, Monitoring, Zulieferer, Zulieferfabriken, Interviews, Kinderarbeit, Zwangsarbeit, Wasserverbrauch, soziale und ökologische Folgen

Due to environmental and social problems with suppliers, companies have included sustainability criteria in their supplier evaluation. However, there is little research on the application of environmental and social criteria and related purchasing practices. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine how companies apply environmental and social criteria in supplier evaluation. Interviews with purchasing experts from the fashion and apparel industry were conducted. The results indicate that no child labour, working hours, no forced labour, no discrimination, employment compensation, freedom of association, and health and safety practices are commonly used as social criteria, whereas end-of-pipe control (wastewater treatment systems) and environmentally friendly materials are used as environmental criteria. New criteria, for example, housing conditions and home worker conditions, were identified as not having been suggested in the literature on supplier evaluation. The discussion herein examines the application and the importance of sustainability criteria in the supplier evaluation process. Environmental and social criteria are applied in pre-qualification as well as verification of the compliance of the purchasing requirements in supplier controlling. However, these criteria are not important in the final selection of a supplier for an order as is often recommended in the literature. Consequently, sustainability criteria are indeed important for supplier evaluation but do not carry the same importance that many papers assign them. The research findings contribute to the literature on sustainable supply chain management with empirical insights about the application and importance of environmental and social criteria in supplier evaluation. Furthermore, the identified sustainability criteria can be used by practitioners to improve supplier evaluation efforts.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2016

Umfang: 15 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Bezug: Bezug: Kapitel aus Journal of Cleaner Production Volume 139

Für Studenten und Fakultätsmitglieder ist diese Studie kostenfrei unter verfügbar.

Herausgeber_in: India Committee of the Netherlands
Autor_in: Marijn Peepercamp

Schlagwörter: Arbeitsbedingungen, Arbeitsrechtsverletzungen, Arbeitszeiten, Empfehlungen, Kinderarbeit, Lohn, Menschenrechtsverletzungen, sexuelle Belästigung, Spinnereien, Sumangali, Südindien, Tamil Nadu, Zwangsarbeit

The state of Tamil Nadu is the largest producer of cotton yarn in India and a global sourcing hub for readymade garments in recent years. The spinning mill industry is of major importance tthe state and tthe national economy. A publication by the Tamil Nadu government claims that India is the world largest cotton yarn producer after China, responsible for a little over one-fifth of yarn production worldwide. 35 t40% of this yarn is produced in Tamil Nadu, which is home tapproximately 1,600 mills employing between 200,000 and 400,000 workers. Approximately 30% of this yarn is used in the export factories in Tamil Nadu, whproduce for brands like C&A, H&M, Marks and Spencer, Primark, Walmart, Zara and a lot of other brands.An unknown share of this yarn is used in other garment hubs in India that produce garments for the export. Yarn produced in Tamil Nadu is alsused for the domestic market and for the production of exported home textiles. Furthermore, a 2012 estimation suggests that over 20% of the production is exported directly tgarment producing countries like Bangladesh and China.Previous SOMand ICN research identified five factories under the Bangladesh Accord for Building and Fire Safety whsource from twspinning mills in Tamil Nadu. Seven if your shirt is not ‘Made in India’, the yarn might be. The India Committee of the Netherlands has worked with SOM(Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations) and with Mondiaal FNV for several years now tdraw attention tthe deplorable working conditions in the Tamil Nadu mills.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2016

Umfang: 11 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Zielgruppe: Erwachsene

Medien: Hintergrundinformationen

Bezug: kostenfrei zum Download bei

Mittwoch, 02 Dezember 2015 01:00

Sumangali: The untold stories

Director: Kim, Suzanne
Producer: Kim, Suzanne

Schlagwörter: Sumangali, Indien, Tamil Nadu, Baumwolle, Spinnerei, Sklaverei, Zwangsarbeit, bonded labor, Arbeitsbedingungen

Sumangali powerfully tells the stories of women and girls who have been deceived, coerced and trafficked into the cotton mills of Tamil Nadu, India. The reality that they face in the mills is one of exploitation, abuse and dangerous working conditions.
The stories of these girls are woven into the cotton they spin every day. This fabric is sold into fashion supply chains all over the world. We are each intimately connected with their story as it is weaved into the clothes that we buy and wear.
This film is dedicated to the girls and women who graciously offered their story.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2014

Umfang: 40 Minuten, Kurzfassung in 21 Minuten

Sprache: Englisch

Zielgruppe: Student_innen, Schüler_innen Sek II, Berufsschule, Erwachsene

Medien: Filme

Bezug: kostenfrei anzusehen unter vimeo.  Hier können Sie den Trailer einsehen und die Kurzversion.  Die Webseite zum Film bei

Dienstag, 27 Mai 2014 14:43

Fact sheet forced labour

Herausgeber: SOMO Stichting Onderzoek Multinationale Ondernemingen

Schlagwörter: Zwangsarbeit, prekäre Arbeitsbedingungen

Fact sheet about forced labour in the textile and garment supply chain. It offers examples of different types of forced and bonded labour. Recommendations are made for garment buying companies to recognise cases of forced labour in their supply chains and to act upon these practices.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2013

Umfang: 8 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Zielgruppe: Erwachsene

Medien:  Hintergrundinformationen

Bezug: kostenfrei zum Download:

Herausgeber:  International Crisis Group

Schlagwörter:  Kinderarbeit, Zwangsarbeit, Usbekistan, Menschenrechte


The cotton industry in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan contributes to political repression, economic stagnation, widespread poverty and environmental degradation.
Without structural reform in the industry, it will be extremely difficult to improve economic development, tackle poverty and social deprivation, and promote political liberalisation in the region. If those states, Western governments and international financial institutions (IFIs) do not do more to encourage a new approach to cotton, the pool of disaffected young men susceptible to extremist ideology will grow with potentially grave consequences for regional stability.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2005

Umfang: 56 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Zielgruppe: Erwachsene

Bezug: PDF kostenfrei zum Download bei der

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