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Anzeige der Artikel nach Schlagwörtern: Zukunftsperspektiven

What next for Asian garment production after COVID-19?

The perspectives of industry and stakeholders


Herausgeber_in: International Labour Organization (ILO)
Autor_innen: Sara Andersson, Laurel Anderson Hoffner

Themen:             Wertschöpfungskette/Globalisierung/Welthandel

Zielgruppe:        Student_innen, Erwachsene, Dozent_innen

Medien: Hintergrundinformationen

Schlagwörter: Arbeitsbedingungen, COVID-19, Corona, globale Bekleidungsindustrie, Lieferketten, Lebensbedingungen, Lungenkrankheit, Löhne, Menschenrechte, Nachhaltigkeit, Soziale Verantwortung, Zukunftsperspektiven

Garment manufacturers in Asia, the industry’s largest global hub for production, have been severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Many have been forced to shut down operations either temporarily or permanently, and this has left millions of garment workers, the majority of whom are women, unemployed, furloughed or facing reduced hours and income. Although longstanding to the sector, the pandemic gave acute exposure to the fragility and structural inequities of the garment supply chain, something that has led those in the industry to once again question its future viability. Already, debates are emerging about how production dynamics and practices will have to transform to survive in the post-pandemic era.

To explore the nature of these changes and examine the implications for production systems and practices in Asia, the ILO conducted a qualitative study in July 2020 with a group of 16 industry experts. The results provide an early and tentative picture of industry sentiment on key questions related to the future of Asian garment production, including the role of technology, buyer-supplier relationships, and the impact on workers.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2020

Umfang: 32 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Bezug: kostenfrei zum Download

Is apparel manufacturing coming home?
Nearshoring, automation, and sustainability – establishing a demand-focused apparel value chain

Herausgeber_innen: McKinsey Apparel, Fashion & Luxury Group

Autor_innen:            Johanna Andersson, Achim Berg, Saskia Hedrich, Patricio Ibanez,
                                  Jonatan Janmark, Karl-Hendrik Magnus



Themen:                  Wertschöpfungskette/ Globalisierung/ Welthandel

Zielgruppe:             Student_innen, Unternehmen, Erwachsene, Beschaffer_innen

Medien:                   Hintergrundinformationen


Schlagwörter: Digitalisierung, Globalisierung, globale Bekleidungsindustrie, globale Wertschöpfungskette, Klima, Lieferkette, Nearshoring, Produktlebenszyklus, Studie, Tipps für in der Bekleidungsbranche Tätige, Umweltschutz, Veränderung, Wettbewerbsstrategie, Zukunftsperspektiven

Tomorrow’s successful apparel companies will be those that take the lead to enhance the apparel value chain on two fronts: nearshoring and automation. It cannot be just one of them and it must be done sustainably. […]

The aim of this white paper is to help mass-market apparel brands and retailers embark on this journey. It clarifies the future demand-led apparel sourcing and production models, their current economic viability, and the future outlook. To develop this white paper, we collaborated with the leading textile technology and textile manufacturing research institute, the Institut für Textiltechnik of the RWTH Aachen University, as well as our Digital Capability Center Aachen (DCC Aachen) on analyzing current and potential automation technologies. We also worked with the economic think tank McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) to better understand the future of factor costs. Additionally, we conducted interviews with a broad range of international experts and practitioners in apparel manufacturing and retailing as well as robotics and sustainability.

We also asked apparel sourcing executives and industry participants to comment on the industry disruptions of nearshoring, automation, and sustainability in a survey conducted in September 2018. Our white paper also provides guidance on where to start the journey based on transformation work we have conducted with international apparel manufacturers, brands, and retailers.


Erscheinungsjahr: 2018

Umfang: 31 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Bezug: kostenfrei zum Download

Herausgeber_in: Forum for the Future, Levi Strauss & Co.


Climate change, population growth, and shortages of key resources are already affecting the industry and they will bring profound changes over the next 15 years. By 2025 there are expected to be another billion people living on this planet and twice as many elderly people. Climate change will have major impacts on agriculture and patterns of global land use. Many communities will change radically, affecting the needs of the industry’s customers and the availability of labour. Demand for energy, water and food will grow, prices are likely to rise, and control of resources will be a key political issue. Other factors will shape our world in less predictable ways. China, India and other emerging economies will change global patterns of trade and power and exercise a growing cultural influence. Technology will continue to transform our lives and businesses and create new opportunities – think of the impact the internet has had in the last 15 years. People’s attitudes to resource shortages, climate change and sustainability, and their levels of disposable income, will affect consumer demand. How governments act, or fail to act, on trade, economics, the environment and poverty, and how they coordinate action on these and other global issues will also have a huge impact. They cover a wide range of issues and pose some searching questions: The future is likely to be dramatically different from today. We have created four scenarios, exploring the challenges ahead for the fashion industry and its current business models.

  • How will the industry react to shortages of cotton and other raw materials?
  • How could the fashion workforce be affected by shifting supply chains and technological development?
  • How might technology influence fashion and change the way it is produced and sold?
  • How will people care for their clothes in a future of water shortages and high energy prices?
  • How could reuse and remanufacturing of clothing develop as a response to higher demand and prices?

The four scenarios explore worlds where globalisation has progressed or gone into reverse and where society and its fashions change more rapidly than today.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2018

Umfang: 8

Sprache: Englisch

Bezug:  kostenfrei zum Download

Sonntag, 15 April 2018 09:30

Circle Economy

Herausgeber_in: Circle Economy

Schlagwörter: Altkleider, Altkleidersammlung, Abfall, Fasern, Fasertechnologie, Hintergrundinformationen, Recycling, Projektbeispiele, Ökobilanz, Zukunft, Zukunftsperspektiven

Circularity has a key part to play not only in dramatically reducing our footprint but also in shaping a visionary and practical future for our planet. It is about becoming inspired by the biological processes of nature while retaining value at the heart of every design, manufacturing, and consumer decision – from renewable energy and remanufacturing of used parts, to the ability for reuse designed into everything we consume. We have witnessed an increased interest in the circular economy, at the political, social and commercial levels, as a possible solution for the world’s biggest problems. The challenge of course is implementation at a practical and scalable level.

Inhalt: Zukunftsweisende Projekte und Forschung zum Thema Kreislaufwirtschaft. In der Kategorie Reports & Insights sind innovative Projekte in Bezug auf Textilrecyling und die Wieder- und Weiterverwendung von Bekleidung zu finden. Außerdem werden Events und Konferenzen für Studierende angeboten.

Sprache: Englisch

Bezug: Circle Economy

Donnerstag, 14 Februar 2013 16:53

The Structural Crisis of Labour Flexibility

Herausgeber: CCC International Secretariat of the clean clothes campaign

Autor: Jeroen Merk

Schlagwörter: Kampagnen, Kampagne für Saubere Kleidung, Code of Conduct, Verhaltenskodizes, Wirksamkeit, Effektivität, Strategien, Zukunftsperspektiven, Evaluierung, Rückblick

Kurzbeschreibung: Since the CCC was established to improve the working conditions in the global garment industry and empower its workers, we must now ask how we can continue to increase our efforts to extend the impact of our campaigns. This paper is part of an ongoing evaluation and strategizing process through which the CCC's aims and activities can be accessed, reviewed, redefined and adapted.

The central question here is what strategies, tools, campaigns would help to achieve our objectives? The paper first discusses why poor working conditions are so persistent in the global garment industry, despite fifteen years of codes of conduct. The second section discusses three main strategies the CCC has employed over the last 15 year to improve working conditions. It includes an overview of how the debate on codes of conduct, monitoring and verification has evolved. Finally, the third section discusses the three broad strategies that might increase the impact of voluntary, private instruments on working conditions. It discusses three different contexts in which voluntary initiatives can contribute to improve working conditions.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2008

Umfang: 41 Seiten

Zielgruppe: Erwachsene

Sprache: Englisch, Spanisch, Französisch

Bezug: kostenfrei als PDF-Download (Englische Fassung)