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Anzeige der Artikel nach Schlagwörtern: Evaluierung

Autor_in: Prof. Kristian Lasslett, Vanessa Gstrein

Herausgeber_in: The Corruption and Human Rights Initiative (CHRI)


The Government of Uzbekistan operates a system of forced labour which has been estimated to coerce approximately one million people annually into participating in the cotton harvest. Following courageous reporting, activism, and whistleblowing, the Uzbek government has committed at the highest levels to eradicating forced and child labour from the cotton sector. One of the two crucial annual reports that both measures incidences of forced and child labour in the cotton sector, and attempts to diagnose strengths and weaknesses in Uzbekistan’s reform effort is produced by the International Labour Organization (ILO) through its third-party monitoring unit stationed in Tashkent. Established through a Multi-Donor Trust Fund by the World Bank, with support from the European Union, the United States and Switzerland, the unit has produced three annual monitoring reports since 2015. Following serious criticism of the third-party monitoring methodology, ethicality and accuracy by civil society, the first author of this evaluation was invited by the ILO’s Chief Technical Adviser to review the 2017 cotton harvest report. To conduct the review, benchmarks drawn from the international methodological literature and the ILO’s own monitoring manual were employed. Once applied serious breaches were identified. A series of questions prompted by the review’s initial findings was sent to the ILO’s third-party monitoring unit for clarification. No response has been received. 

Among the greatest concerns raised during the review was a lack of explicit reference in the 2017 harvest report to the vulnerability of participants who may be victims of state-organised labour, the special sensitivities this prompts for research, or the complexities associated with conducting accurate fieldwork in a deeply authoritarian country where surveillance, arbitrary detention, torture, and repression are lived realities for citizens. 

Erscheinungsjahr: 2018

Umfang: 27 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Bezug:  kostenfrei zum Download

Donnerstag, 14 Februar 2013 16:53

The Structural Crisis of Labour Flexibility

Herausgeber: CCC International Secretariat of the clean clothes campaign

Autor: Jeroen Merk

Schlagwörter: Kampagnen, Kampagne für Saubere Kleidung, Code of Conduct, Verhaltenskodizes, Wirksamkeit, Effektivität, Strategien, Zukunftsperspektiven, Evaluierung, Rückblick

Kurzbeschreibung: Since the CCC was established to improve the working conditions in the global garment industry and empower its workers, we must now ask how we can continue to increase our efforts to extend the impact of our campaigns. This paper is part of an ongoing evaluation and strategizing process through which the CCC's aims and activities can be accessed, reviewed, redefined and adapted.

The central question here is what strategies, tools, campaigns would help to achieve our objectives? The paper first discusses why poor working conditions are so persistent in the global garment industry, despite fifteen years of codes of conduct. The second section discusses three main strategies the CCC has employed over the last 15 year to improve working conditions. It includes an overview of how the debate on codes of conduct, monitoring and verification has evolved. Finally, the third section discusses the three broad strategies that might increase the impact of voluntary, private instruments on working conditions. It discusses three different contexts in which voluntary initiatives can contribute to improve working conditions.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2008

Umfang: 41 Seiten

Zielgruppe: Erwachsene

Sprache: Englisch, Spanisch, Französisch

Bezug: kostenfrei als PDF-Download (Englische Fassung)