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Herausgeber_in: IHRB & Chowdhury Center for Bangladesh studies at UC Berkeley

Autor_innen: Sanchita Banerjee Saxen, Nancy Reyes Mullins, Salil Tripathi

Schlagwörter: Arbeitsbedingungen, Arbeitsrechte, Bangladesch, Bekleidungsindustrie, COVID-19, Corona, Gesundheit, Krise, Lohn, Lieferkette, Menschenrechte, Politik, Standards, Studie, textile Kette, Unternehmensverantwortung, Untersuchung


The RMG industry, which accounts for approximately 80% of Bangladesh’s total exports, is a major contributor to the country’s economic advancement. As the coronavirus12 spread across the world in early 2020 and a lockdown in Bangladesh became inevitable, businesses were forced to respond quickly to the evolving situation. This report seeks to capture the responses of global brands and the subsequent effects on workers in the immediate aftermath. The report is drawn from indepth interviews with international brands, Bangladeshi suppliers, representatives of the international civil society, and Bangladeshi labour activists. It seeks to understand the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the industry and the workers. It proposes changes to policies and practices that can lead to long-term changes that would benefit global retailers, suppliers, and workers.


Umfang: 71 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Zielgruppe: Student_innen, Erwachsene

Bezug: kostenfrei zum Download

Herausgeber_in: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES), Center for Development and Employment Research

Redaktion: Rizwanul Islam, Rushidan I Rahman

Zielgruppe: Student_innen, Erwachsene

Medien: Hintergrundinformationen

Schlagwörter: Arbeitsbedingungen, Arbeitsrechte, Bangladesh, Bekleidungsindustrie, COVID-19, Corona, Gender, Gesundheit, Frauen in der Bekleidungsindustrie, Krise, Menschenrechte, Politik, Standards, Studie, textile Kette, Untersuchung


The COVID-19 pandemic has turned to an global economic crisis which affected the employment and labour market situations worldwide – as well in Bangladesh. The lockdown measures from March to May 2020 hit the economy hard and economic recovery is taking time. There are already visible signs of the impact of the economic crisis on employment and livelihoods of people.

The study analyses the impact of the health and economic crisis on the employment and labour market situations of Bangladesh and provides recommendations on possible policy responses for the short and medium turn future. It deals with the employment as a whole but also focus on how the informal sector and women have been affected.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2020

Umfang: 48 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Bezug: kostenfrei zum Download als PDF-Datei

Autoren/innen: Rudolf Traub-Merz with assistance from Herbert Jauch

in: The Future of the Textile and Clothing Industry in Sub-Saharan Africa

Autoren/innen: Herbert Jauch / Rudolf Traub-Merz (Eds.)

Herausgeber: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung

Schlagwörter: Afrika, afrikanische Textilindustrie, WTO, GATT, Krise, Globalisierung

The African textile and clothing (T&C) industry is in a major crisis. Domestically it is hit by imports (in particular from Asian countries) with which it finds it difficult to compete. Not much of the once impressive T&C sector built during the phase of import substitution is left. It is hit on foreign markets, where it has made some inroads in recent years, and where fierce competition among suppliers is now threatening exports from Africa. The future and, to some extent, even the survival of the African textile and clothing industry is closely linked to two international processes: The changes taking place on the global T&C market after the expiry of the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC) on 1 January 2005; and the restructuring of the multilateral trade system, being negotiated in the current World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha round.
The expiry of the ATC marks the end of a period of some 40 years, during which much of the global T&C trade was subject to a special regime which centered on a politically motivated quota system. With the end of the quota system, the T&C trade is moving inside the world of WTO agreements, becoming an integral part of the WTO system, governed by the general rules and principles of this multilateral trading system.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2006

Umfang: 29 Seiten

Zielgruppe: Erwachsene

Sprache: Englisch

Bezug: kostenfrei als PDF-Download auf