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PFC Pollution Hotspots: how these chemicals are entering our bodies

Herausgeber_in: Greepeece Italy, Rom
Autor_in: Ungherese, Giuseppe

Schlagwörter: Asien, Chemikalien, China, EU, Europa, Fasern, Lieferkette, Schadstoffe, Sportkleidung, Umwelt, Unternehmensverantwortung

PFCs are used in many industrial processes and consumer products, and are well known for their use by the outdoor apparel industry in waterproof and dirt-repellent finishes. They are used for their unique chemical properties, especially their stability and their ability to repel both water and oil. However, PFCs are environmentally hazardous substances and many of them are persistent in the environment. Once released into the environment most PFCs break down very slowly, if at all, and therefore they can remain in the environment for many years after their release and are dispersed over the entire globe.
The manufacture of hazardous per- and polyfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) is leading to contamination of the local environment, including surface water, drinking water, groundwater as well as air and dust. There is evidence of a recent and/or historical PFC pollution in four locations around the world
where chemical companies manufacture PFCs, including those used in PTFE, also known as Teflon – in the mid-Ohio valley, USA; in Dordrecht, the Netherlands and Veneto region, Italy in Europe; and in Shandong Province, China. In the USA and Europe, pollution problems have been building up since as long ago as the 1950’s, when PFC production started, dominated by the production of the PFCs PFOS and PFOA – now known to be highly persistent and toxic. A global ban on PFOS and increasing restrictions on PFOA mean their manufacture in the USA and Europe has now been stopped, although the manufacture of other PFCs, which are also potentially problematic, continues. However, global production of PFOA to make PTFE (Teflon) has now shifted to China, where the same pattern of pollution is now being replicated.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2016

Umfang: 10 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Zielgruppe: Student_innen, Erwachsene

Medien: Hintergrundinformationen

Bezug: kostenfrei zum Download bei Greenpeace.