Bildungsarbeit an Hochschulen

Bildungsarbeit an Hochschulen



Bitte wählen Sie eine oder mehrere Optionen aus. Die Suchen werden kombiniert.






Future of Fashion - Worker-Led Strategies for Corporate Accountability in the Global Apparel Industry

Herausgeber_in: International Labor Rights Forum, Washington

Autor_in: Elena Arengo

Redaktion: Lieana Foxvog, Judy Gearhart, Eric Gottwald

Schlagwörter: Arbeitsrechtsverletzungen, Bangladesch, CSR, Gewerkschaft, Indonesien, Lieferkette, Unternehmensverantwortung


The global apparel industry is characterized by complex global supply chains operated by large multinational brands and retailers, like Gap and Walmart, in which production is outsourced to hundreds of factories in developing nations to take advantage of low wages and weak labor law enforcement. This model of outsourced, globalized production has enabled multinational brands and retailers to not only increase profits by lowering labor costs, but also to insulate themselves from legal liability for working conditions in the factories making their products.

 With the failure of the traditional, corporate-led initiatives to address labor violations, new models have emerged to hold brands and retailers accountable for working conditions in their supply chains. Enforceable brand agreements (EBAs) differ significantly from corporate-led models because they seek to address the features of the apparel supply chain that are at the root of poor working conditions and labor rights violations: namely, the absence of binding and enforceable commitments, lack of transparency, sidelining of workers and their elected trade union representatives, and how the brands’ purchasing practices contribute to labor rights violations.

 This paper explores the successes and challenges of three examples — in Indonesia, Honduras, and Bangladesh — of EBAs in the global apparel industry, examining the context in which each was developed and how they address the deficiencies in the traditional CSR approach. It then outlines a four-part analytic framework, or essential elements, for identifying what a worker-centered, worker-driven model for advancing workers’ rights in the apparel supply chain should include. Finally, it lays out a road map for transforming the global apparel industry through greater uptake of worker-led initiatives and other actions necessary to strengthen worker rights in the global apparel industry.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2019

Umfang: 56 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Bezug: kostenfrei zum Download