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Vietnam Country Study – Labour Standards in the Garment Supply Chain

Herausgeber_in: Research Center for Employment Relations

Autor_in: Do Quynh Chi

Schlagwörter: Arbeitsbedingungen, existenzsichernde Löhne, Frauen in der Bekleidungsindustrie, Gewalt, Gewerkschaft, Gewerkschaften, Gewerkschaftsfreiheit, sexuelle Belästigung, Vietnam


Garment and textile is the second biggest exporting industry in Vietnam, after electronics, accounting for 15 percent of the country’s GDP and 14 percent of its total exports in 2015. The United States is the biggest market for garments from

Vietnam while Japan and the European Union EU come second and third respectively

With the Party-controlled VGCL remaining the only recognised union organisation, freedom of association has been the most challenging area in terms of labour rights for Vietnam. The enterprise unions are mostly dependent on management and incapable of independently representing workers in negotiations with employers. Social dialogue at the workplace is encouraged by the law but due to the unions’ weakness, has not been effectively practised. The Labour Code of Vietnam provides that the minimum wage should cover the basic living expenses of a worker and his/her family, but the current minimum wage is still lagging behind the minimum living needs. However, the National Wage Council, a tripartite institute, has become more active in MW negotiations, taking into account minimum living needs as well as economic and productivity growth.

Gender-based violence at the workplace has rarely been reported and grievances are few. However, related research shows that gender-based violence is an extensive problem in a society like Vietnam.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2016

Umfang: 50 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

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