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Purchasing practices and working conditions in global supply chains: Global Survey results

Herausgeber_in: International Labour Office

Schlagwörter: Arbeitsbedingungen, Einkaufspraktiken, globale Produktionsströme, globale Warenproduktion, Globale Wertschöpfungskette, ILO, Unternehmen und Menschenrechte, Unternehmensverantwortung, CSR


The International Labour Organization (ILO) and its constituents, at the 10thSession of the International Labour Conference (ILC), discussed the need to further assess working conditions deficits as well as governance issues that may hinder the achievement of decent work in global supply chains. Specifically, the Conference asked the ILO to “take a proactive role in generating and making accessible reliable data on decent work in global supply chains” and to “carry out research to better understand how supply chains work in practice and what their impact is on decent work and fundamental rights”. The Inclusive Labour Markets, Labour Relations and Working Conditions branch took action to contribute to fill this gap by carrying out a Global Survey on purchasing practices and working conditions in collaboration with the joint Ethical Trading Initiatives.

This Global Survey is strong in terms of number of workers covered. Since the average number of workers in the surveyed companies was 1,026, the sample covers nearly 1.5 million workers. Finally, this study is able to analyse purchasing practices and working conditions by firm size. We have identified 5 major business practices between the buyers and the suppliers that may influence wages and working conditions: contracts clauses, technical specifications, order placement (and lead times), prices and market power, and requests for social standards. While many of these areas are heavily influenced by the buyers’ policies, we also find that the profile of the suppliers may also play an important role when explaining the working environment and working conditions.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2018

Umfang: 24 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

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