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Bulgaria: Country Study 2016

Herausgeber_in: Fair Wear Foundation

Themen: Unternehmenskritik/Arbeitsbedingungen Wertschöpfungskette/ Globalisierung/ Welthandel

Schlagwörter: Arbeitsbedingungen, Arbeitsrechtsverletzungen, Arbeitszeiten, Gewerkschaft, Lohn, Menschenrechtsverletzungen, Textilindustrie, Textilproduktion

The largest non-compliance issue tdate falls under ‘payment of a living wage’, usually found during social audits. This is mainly due tgarment factories working under cut, make, and trim (CMT) arrangements, and the mandatory “minimum social insurance thresholds” regarded by the employers as the “maximum wage”, as well as the lack of collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) in the apparel industry since 2012. Additional frequently-found violations fall under ‘working hours’. Although a common problem within the garment industry due tseasonality, urgent orders, etc., overtime work can alsbe blamed on bad organisation, overlapping orders in order tretain clients or the perception that overtime in the industry is normal. Some workers prefer twork overtime, as it is paid at premium rate according tthe Bulgarian labour code (LC), which means workers can earn a bit more tadd tinsufficient wages. Other workers prefer tnot work overtime, desiring a better work-life balance. Health and safety non-compliances are largely due tBulgaria’s very comprehensive Health and Safety Act and the accompanying regulations. Non-compliances most frequently concern non-ergonomic chairs, congested shop floors with blocked evacuation routes, workers not using personal protective equipment (PPEs) when required, incomplete first aid kits, non-performed medical checks and non-performed physical factors measurements. As an EU Member State since 2007, Bulgaria has absorbed European legislation inttheir national legislation, ratifying 100 of the ILconventions, including the eight fundamental conventions. Bulgaria has alsratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).

Erscheinungsjahr: 2017

Umfang: 58 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Zielgruppe: Erwachsene

Medien: Hintergrundinformationen

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