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“Cotton — it’s not a plant, it’s politics” - The system of forced labour in Uzbekistan’s cotton sector

Herausgeber: Uzbek-German Forum for Human Rights (UGF)

Schlagwörter:  Kinderarbeit, Zwangsarbeit, Usbekistan, Menschenrechte


Uzbekistan’s cotton production apparatus is controlled by the state and is a system that is based on the cheap forced labour of millions of people who have nothing to do with the cotton industry.
Annual surveys indicate that the state authorities are guilty of exploiting child labour. Every autumn, the Government of Uzbekistan, operating through the local authorities – regional and district hokimiyats – have forcibly mobilized millions of children, students, teachers, state employees, and employees of private businesses to do manual labour, picking cotton in the fields. The country’s Prime Minister, Shavkat Mirziyoev, is personally involved in the cotton campaign, as he oversees the agricultural sector. He conducts regular conference calls with local hokimiyats that bring in a range of ministries and agencies, including the prosecutor’s office and law enforcement, to the cotton campaign. The large scale mobilization of forced labour of adults and children in Uzbekistan should be seen not only within the context of the country’s command economy that has remained in place since the soviet era, but also as a consequence of its authoritarian system of governance. Parents are no longer in a position to protect their children, as they themselves are subject to deeply rooted administrative coercion that pervades the entire society, from the country’s local government and self-governance structures, and even to the hearts and minds of citizens–through the ongoing brainwashing by the country’s propagandistic mass media. The combination of fear and propaganda recalls the Stalinist system, which has been preserved by Uzbekistan’s current government.

Erscheinungsjahr: 2012

Umfang: 49 Seiten

Sprache: Englisch

Zielgruppe: Erwachsene

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